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ARGENTUM, PLATA, SILVER...
Proven Colloidal Nano Silver Benefits
Antibacterial. Bacteria in the body First, colloidal silver’s ability to control antibiotic-resistant superbugs is astonishing. While employed at UCLA Medical School in the 1980s, Larry C. Ford, MD, documented over 650 different disease-causing pathogens that were destroyed in minutes when exposed to small amounts of silver.
Proven Colloidal Nano Silver Benefits
Colloidal silver nanoparticles, unlike its modern prescription antibiotic counterpart, simply doesn’t create resistance or immunity in the organisms that are killed by it. This point cannot be emphasized enough, especially in light of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently reporting that more than 2 million people in the U.S. suffer illness every year as a result of antibiotic-resistant infections and 23,000 die from these infections...
Wound Care/Skin Health Colloidal silver stimulates healing in the skin and other soft tissues. (8) In a research article produced by Pharmacognosy Communications in 2012, it was specifically recommended that certain colloidal silver preparations should be considered for topical use to treat burns, thrush, periodontitis and other conditions. For instance, you can treat ringworm (Tinea capitis) at home with colloidal silver because it’s a potent anti-fungal. Caused by a fungus that lives on the top layer of the skin, ringworm presents as round, scaly patches. It’s contagious and spread by skin contact and by contaminated materials, such as clothing.
Colloidal silver benefits many skins conditions such as psoriasis and eczema as well. It’s soothing to scrapes and even repairs tissue damage from burns.
Pink Eye/Ear Infections Pink eye is an inflamed mucous membrane that covers the eyeball and eyelid lining, and it’s primarily caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Colloidal silver can be used for prompt action against this irritating and highly infectious virus and bacteria.
When applied on the infected eye, the tiny silver colloids pick up the infected cells by attracting them electromagnetically and sending them into the bloodstream to be eliminated. Our modern prescription antibiotic drugs are designed to work against specific classes of bacteria, but ear infections may be caused by multiple classes of bacteria or can even be fungal. In this case, the prescription antibiotic will be useless, whereas colloidal silver is effective regardless of what may be causing your infection.
Authentic Colloidal Silver safely kills over 650 disease-causing bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and molds, has no negative side-effects (the body requires silver for tissue regeneration and promotes the replacement of specialized cells) and is absolutely safe for human consumption.
No adverse reactions with other medications have been observed. Colloidal silver near a bacterium or single cell pathogen disables its oxygen metabolism enzyme (its chemical lung) and within 6 minutes the pathogen suffocates. Increased ppm levels of colloidal silver may destroy some beneficial intestinal bacteria; therefore oral administration of lactobacillus acidophilus is suggested. It has been reported that exposure to high levels of anthrax or bubonic or pneumonic plague bacteria, require a continuous level of at least 16 to100 ppm concentration to be effective, however it would only be effective if taken at least three or four weeks before exposure to these bacteria. It has been reported that when ingested, it takes colloidal silver three or four days to go to the body cells in an amount sufficient for
benefits to begin. SO EITHER BUY, OR MAKE YOURS TODAY...
Water can be purified by adding two teaspoons of 30+ ppm colloidal silver to one gallon of water. Legion Ella pnuemophilia (Legionnaire's disease) is lethal in water with a temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit but is killed when the water temperature is raised to 135 to 145 degrees Fahrenheit. Interestingly, water with a colloidal silver concentration of only 20 ppb (parts per billion) kills Legionella pnuemophilia. U.S. regulations currently allow 20 ppb in drinking water. However European draft guidelines removed any upper limit for silver in drinking water based upon World Health Organizations' Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality that states "It is unnecessary to recommend any health-based guidelines for silver as it is not hazardous to human health." Pathogens in water are killed by the addition of colloidal silver.
Waste colloidal silver should not be dumped into drainpipes leading to septic tanks since bacterial breakdown action of solid waste would be impaired.
Colloidal Silver has been successfully tested at the UCLA Medical Labs where it killed every virus on which it was tested.
Colloidal silver in a spray bottle can be sprayed on abrasions, acne, athlete's foot, burns, cuts, eczema, fungi, psoriasis, rashes, scrapes, skin cancers, sunburn, warts, and wounds, etc., and does not kill subcutaneous tissue as does alcohol and iodine. It can also be sprayed in the nose for sinus problems or sprayed into the mouth and inhaled to the lungs where transfer of colloidal silver through the alveoli is readily imparted to the blood. Colloidal silver can also be sprayed into the eyes of newborn infants to prevent infection, or under the arms, which kills odor-causing bacteria but does not prevent skin from breathing, as do many deodorants. Colloidal silver solutions can also be used for colonic cleansing solutions, ear infections, mouth infections, vaginal cleanses, etc..
Colloidal silver is considered natures most powerful antibiotic. It is known to be effective against 650 different disease-causing pathogenic microorganisms, and was tested against anthrax in 1997 by microbiologist Larry Harris. The ability to produce homemade, quality colloidal silver may be your first line of defense against disease-causing biological agents.
Colloidal Silver is proven particularly effective in cases of intestinal troubles. Dr. Henry Crooks found that Silver in the colloidal state is highly germicidal, quite harmless to humans and absolutely nontoxic. Rather than in a chemical compound, the Silver, in the colloidal state, may be applied in a much more concentrated form, with correspondingly better results. All fungus, virus, bacterium, streptococcus, staphylococcus, and other pathogenic organisms are killed in three or four minutes; in fact, there is no microbe known that is not killed by Colloidal Silver is six minutes or less, a dilution of as little as five parts per million, though there are no side effects whatsoever from high concentrations. - "Use of Colloids in Health and Disease," quoted in "Report: Colloidal Silver," Health Consciousness, Vol.15, No.4.
As an antibiotic, Silver kills over 650 disease-causing organisms; resistant strains fail to develop. Silver is absolutely nontoxic. Silver is the best all-around germ fighter we have. Doctors are reporting that, taken internally, it works against syphilis, cholera, and malaria, diabetes and severe burns. --Bio/Tech News, 1995
Dr. Bjorn Nordstrom, of the Karolinska Institute (Sweden's equivalent of our National Institutes of Health), has used Silver in his cancer cure method for many years. He says the whole thing is quite simple. This brought rapid remission in patients given up by other doctors.--"Silver, Our Mightiest Germ Fighter," Science Digest, March, 1978.
Metallic Silver (Colloid) is non-toxic, however, silver nitrate and other compounds of silver are and should not be ingested.-- Bob Beck, D.Sc.
Environmental Protection Agency's Poison Control Center reports no toxicity listing for Colloidal Silver, considering it harmless in any concentration.
Per GERM WARFARE & BIO-TERRORISM, "As few as 8000 spores per person reliably causes a lethal infection. The spores cross the epithelial lining of the lungs and travel to the lymph nodes, where they germinate, multiply, and then spread to other tissues, releasing toxins as they go. Some people are strengthening their bodies in advance with Raw Foods such as Romaine, Spinach, & Carrot Juice and exercise, plus using large amounts of Vitamin C, Garlic & Onion (natural antibiotics), with Colloidal Silver and Zappers to boost their health in advance.
Dr. Robert O. Becker, author of The Body Electric, recognized a correlation between low silver levels and sickness. He said silver deficiency was responsible for the improper functioning of the immune system. Dr. Becker's experiments conclude that silver works on the full spectrum of pathogens without any side effects or damage to the body. He also states that silver does more than kill disease-causing organisms. It also causes major growth stimulation of injured tissues. Burn patients and even elderly patients notice more rapid healing. And he discovered that all cancer cells could change back to normal cells. All strains of pathogens resistant to other antibiotics are killed by silver.
It would appear highly unlikely that even germ warfare agents could survive an encounter with Colloidal Silver, since viruses like Ebola and Hanta, or even the dreaded "flesh-eating bacteria" are, in the end, merely helpless viruses and bacteria. To top it off, Colloidal Silver is non-toxic, making it safe for children and adults, as well as pets. In short, anything bigger than a one-cell animal seems to like it.
OUR COLLOIDAL SILVER GENERATOR
Sold for research purposes only.
Regardless of what anyone has said to the contrary, silver chloride will ALWAYS form if any amount of salt is present. Never add anything to the water that will make the water conduct electricity better. Never add salt, sea salt, or Celtic sea salt to the distilled water because the salt puts chloride ions in the water that react with the silver to form silver chloride. Another serious problem arises when making colloidal silver with salt in the water. The presence of salt increases the electrical conductivity of the water and this dramatically speeds up the reaction. As the reaction speeds up under these circumstances, it produces larger particles. The product produced is invariably cloudy-white in appearance. Actual electron microscope photographs of this material show silver particles in the range of .05 to .15 microns. These particles are TOO LARGE to form a colloidal suspension, and the proof is that the material will settle to the bottom of the container in a very short period of time. Therefore, this home brewed "colloidal silver" product may be dangerous to consume internally for TWO reasons: the presence of silver chloride and the production of large particles. ;
What is Colloidal Silver?
Colloidal silver is a solution of extremely fine submicroscopic particles of pure silver suspended in water by a positive electric charge on each particle. The particles remain suspended throughout the solution because these positive-charged particles repel each other with a greater force than gravity . A powerful germicidal, silver is an exceptional metal in that it is non-toxic to the human body, but lethal to over 650 disease-causing bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, and molds; while conventional pharmaceutical antibiotics are typically effective against only 6 to 7 types of bacteria. Some new strains of bacteria classified as MDR (Multiple Drug Resistant) have proven to be resistant to all pharmaceutical antibiotics, but not to colloidal silver due to different germicidal mechanisms of deactivation.
Extensive research into the curative properties of silver has been conducted for many years at the Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY. Under the direction of Dr. Robert Beck, M.D., author of The Body Electric and Crosscurrents. The experiments concluded that silver works on a wide range of bacteria, without any known side-effects or damage to the cells of the body. Dr. Beck discovered that the silver was doing something more than just killing disease-causing organisms: It was also causing major growth stimulation of injured tissues. Dr. Beck concludes that the presence of the silver ion may help regenerate tissue, eliminate old or cancerous cells, and any other diseased or abnormal tissue condition.
Dr. Bjorn Nordenstrom, of the Larolinska Institute, Sweden, has successfully used silver as a component in his cancer treatments for many years. Dr. Leonard Keene Hirschberg, A.M., M.D. (John Hopkins) states, "Speaking generally, the colloidal metals are especially remarkable for their beneficial action in infective states." Dr. Richard L. Davies, executive director of the Silver Institute, which monitors silver technology in 37 countries, reports: "In four years we’ve described 87 important new medical uses for silver. We’re just beginning to see what extent silver can relieve suffering".
Despite years of research to find a superior pharmaceutical product, silver is still considered the most effective germ fighter and promoter of rapid healing in cases of severe burns. Silver is used in most major burn centers in the US. UCLA medical labs found it effectively disabled every virus tested.
Silver filters are found in the water fountains of every airliner and space craft to guarantee germ-free water. Silver is used also by the Soviets to sterilize recycled water aboard the Mir Space Station. Silver is being used to replace chlorine in swimming pools, because it does not sting the eyes and offers greater germicidal action. Laboratory tests have shown that Colloidal Silver will kill all known bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites within 2-6 minutes of contact. Many chronic infections, from pyorrhea to vaginal yeast infections, conditions which are often resistant to drug therapy, will quickly clear up with Colloidal Silver.
A researcher at Brigham Young University sent Colloidal Silver to two different labs including UCLA Medical Center, and reported "It not only killed the HIV virus but every virus that was tested in the labs". According to FDA rules, Colloidal Silver cannot be used for treating the HIV virus, but it could be used as an antibiotic for all acquired diseases of active AIDS.
For several decades, silver has proven itself in the treatment of burns, and eye, ear, nose, throat, vaginal, rectal, and urinary tract infections. Silver has been prescribed as an adjunct treatment for reproductive disorders in women and the circulatory system, as well as a treatment for AIDS infective complications. It has been used as a remedy for allergies, boils, ulcers, lesions, thyroid conditions, infantile diseases, parasites, wounds of the eye, enlarged prostate, warts, bladder inflammation, infections of the inner ear, sleepwalking and anorexia nervosa. Colloidal Silver also acts as a tissue regenerator by stimulation the production of de-differentiating cells, which promotes the replacement of specialized cells.
The following is a partial list of the more than 650 disease conditions in which colloidal silver has demonstrated proven clinical improvement: Acne, Acne Rosacea, Anthrax Bacilli, Arthritis, Athlete’s Foot, Blood Poisoning, Bladder Infections, Bubonic Plague, Blood Parasites (causes gray hair), Cancer, Candidia (Yeast Infection), Chilbains, Cholera, Chronic Fatigue, Colitis, Conjunctivitis, Cystitis, Dermatitis, Diabetes, Diptheria, Dysentery, Eczema, Fibrositis, Gastritis, Gonorrhea, Hepatitis, Herpes Virus, Hay Fever, Impetigo, Influenza, Keratitis, Leprosy, Leukemia, Lupus, Lyme Disease, Lymphagitis, Malaria, Meningitis, Neurasthenia, Ophthalmia, Pneumonia, Pleurisy, Pruritis Ani, Psoriasis, Pymphagitis, Rheumatism, Rhiritis, Ringworm, Rosacea, Scarlet Fever, Seborrhea, Septicemia, Shingles, Skin Cancer, Staph Infection, Stomach Flu, Strep, Syphilis, Tonsillitis, Toxemia, Trench foot, Trachoma, Tuberculosis, Whooping Cough. It is also used for all bacterial, fungal and viral attacks on plants. Simply spray diluted silver on the leaves and add to soil water. (Ref. 1,2,3,6,7,10,11)
Floral and Garden
Colloidal silver can be used to greatly extend the time before decaying begins on cut flowers. Probably due to the bacteria and other pathogens in water, cut flowers placed that medium will tend to wither and die much more quickly than cut flowers that are placed in water which has colloidal silver added to it. The colloidal silver not only kills the pathogens in the water but is subsequently absorbed into the flowers and taken to the cellular level where colloidal silver works internally to kill remaining pathogens. A colloidal silver solution in water can also be sprayed directly onto plants and shrubs in the garden. The action of the colloidal silver positive ions work on the outside of the plants to effectively destroy bacteria, virus, fungus, etc. Garden food plants that have been sprayed with colloidal silver leave no residue, as do poison sprays, and are safe for human consumption.
A Brief History Of Colloidal Silver
After researchers discovered that the body prefers to utilize colloidal minerals, the endless possibilities which could occur from the use of colloids in medicine were exploited. Colloidal silver proved to be enormously effective against infectious organisms and extremely safe to use, without the negative side effects associated with drugs. As a result, Colloidal Silver was widely used in medicine as one of the main-stays on anti-microbial treatment. It became the choice of medical practitioners.
Throughout the early 1900’s Colloidal Silver rapidly gained recognition as one of the best infection-preventive agents, but unfortunately its availability was limited due to the high cost of colloidal silver production combined with the fact that colloidal silver could not be patented. This profit limitation prompted the development of more profitable infection-fighting drugs. Silver was ignored while new patented antibiotic drugs became the choice of medical treatment. However, as is common when we deviate from Nature’s path, serious unforeseen problems were inevitable. Today, fifty years after the advent of patented pharmaceutical antibiotics, many types of bacteria, which were once susceptible to these drugs, have mutated to drug-resistant strains.
Over the years, the medical establishment has reported on the new strains of "Super Bugs" that are resistant to every pharmaceutical antibiotic. Newsweek Magazine reported in March, 28, 1994 that in 1992, 13,000 hospital patients died of infections that were resistant to every drug hospital physicians tried. Also, it is a well known fact that pharmaceutical antibiotics are detrimental to the natural flora of the colon. Colloidal silver does not disturb this very necessary environment.
Probably one of the most controversial issues concerning colloidal silver has to do with its micron size. Many variables involving water temperature, conglomeration tendency of ion particles, mineral concentration and particulate size in the water to which silver ions attach, etc., affect silver particle micron size. A general range of from .05 to .001 is usually realized notwithstanding that colloidal silver comes off the positive anode at .0001 microns or about 1.26 angstroms that are the size of about 15 atoms. Another controversial issue is the color of the finished colloidal silver product. Color is affected by not only the size of the mineral particles to which the silver ions attach but also the level of electrolyte in the solution at the time of the electrolysis process. Colors range from yellow, gold, to brown when there is little mineral electrolyte in solution; and from milky white, to gray when the mineral
electrolyte in solution is higher. A few makers of colloidal silver use a public fear tactic to tout their products stating that higher micron size can cause agryria. Agryria is a condition resulting from the ingestion of large particles of silver that react with pigment turning the skin and organs a blue green/gray color. There appears, however, to be no known case of agryria or agrilosis ever having resulted from colloidal silver products where the silver remains in colloidal suspension. Large silver particles that precipitate out of solution or float to the surface of a solution if ingested in large amounts (over 5 ppm) can indeed cause the cosmetically undesirable skin condition. The historic "blue blood" condition of royalty resulted from eating off of tarnished silverware and silver utensils.
Problems With Pharmaceuticals
It appears that every disease-causing bacterium has strains that can resist at least one, if not most of pharmaceuticals’ antibiotics. The overuse of antibiotics is giving life to the spread of mutant microbes.
Since the 1970s, various studies have concluded that 50 to 60 percent of all outpatient antibiotic prescriptions are inappropriate. As a result of the overuse of antibiotics, sales have nearly doubled since the mid 1980s. Likewise, drug-resistant infections have also increased. Drug companies encourage the situation by promotion of their products through extensive advertising and providing doctors with free samples.
Drugs such as penicillin and tetracycline lost their power over the common staph germ, Staphylococcus Aureus in the 50s and 60s. It now has doctors worried because it has developed a resistance to pharmaceuticals’ most powerful antibiotic, Vancomycin. The percentage of staph infections resistant to penicillin in the 1960 was 13; the percentage resistant in 1997 was 99. Clearly, a non-pharmaceutical solution is required. Methicillin, another antibiotic, is now experiencing resistance. It was recently reported that in some 20 percent of nations gonorrhea is now resistant to one or more antibiotics. A startling proportion of TB now resists the drug, Isoniazid.
There is an enormous health crisis in the making, and pharmaceutical antibiotics do not hold the answer. It is blatantly obvious to anyone who does research on this subject those new emerging diseases and super bugs (not to mention biological attack from terrorist groups) are more of a treat now that ever before. Colloidal Silver can provide people with additional, non-prescriptive immunity armor to protect themselves. And unlike pharmaceutical drugs, no pathogen has ever developed a resistance to Colloidal Silver.
Fortunately, the timely re-emergence of Colloidal Silver-due to new production technology-may prove to be one of the best remedies the public now has to protect themselves from disease, old and new.
How Colloidal Silver WORKS
It is a catalyst, disabling the particular enzymes that all one-celled bacteria. Fungi, and viruses use for their oxygen metabolism. They suffocate. Yet it is of no harm to human enzymes or any part of the human body chemistry. It kills disease-causing organisms, in six minutes or less, upon contact, even those pleomorphic. Resistant strains fail to develop and the body doesn’t develop a tolerance. Colloidal Silver is both a remedy and a prevention of infections of any kind. Having sufficient Colloidal Silver in your body is to have a superior, second immune system. It was in common use until 1938. Great grandma put a silver dollar in the milk to keep it fresh at room temperature. (Ref. 1,8)
In addition, Colloidal Silver is the most useable form of the most effective disease fighter there is. The body actually needs colloidal silver to fight disease-causing organisms, and to aid healing. Older folks feel younger because their body’s energy is used for other than fighting disease, and digestion is better. Sliver aids the developing fetus in growth, health, and eases the delivery and the recovery. Fantastic successes have been reported in many cases previously given up by establishment doctors. Colloidal Silver is tasteless and won’t sting, even baby’s eyes, and won’t upset the stomach. This is not a chemical compound containing silver, but pure metallic silver of sub-microscopic clusters of just a few atoms, held in suspension, in pure water by the tiny electric charge on each atom. (Ref. 1,8,11)
For your pets, colloidal silver can clear up cases of ulcerative and infective skin conditions due to flea infestation, mange, dermatitis, etc. Any eye or ear infections, cuts, wound, bites, scratches and bites from tics. It has been proven effective against canine parvo virus, feline leukemia, and ringworm. Putting a small amount of colloidal silver in your pets water not only will keep it clean but will also be very beneficial to your pets health. Be sure their drinking dish is glass and not plastic.
Ref. 1 "Use of Colloids in Health and Disease" - Colloidal Silver is proven particularly effective in cases of intestinal troubles. Dr. Henry Crooks found that silver in the colloidal state is highly germicidal, quite harmless to humans and absolutely non-toxic. Rather than in a chemical compound, the silver, in the colloidal state, may be applied in a much more concentrated form, with correspondingly better results. All fungus, virus, bacterium, streptococcus, staphylococcus, and other pathogenic organisms are killed in three or four minutes; in fact there is no microbe known that is not killed by Colloidal Silver in six minutes or less, at a dilution of as little as 5 parts per million, though there are no side effects what so ever from high concentrations.
Ref.-2 American Drug Index, section on Inorganic Pharmaceutical Chemistry, recognized silver for it’s germicidal action, calling a stabilized form: Mild Silver Protein. There are several forms of Mild Silver Protein.
Ref.-3 The Condensed Chemical Dictionary - 6th Edition: Mild Silver Protein is listed for medicinal use, (the "Protein" is the trace used as a stabilizer).
Ref.-4 The FDA has stated that because Colloidal Silver is (by fifty years) a pre 1938 drug, it may continue to be marketed. (13 Sept. 91 letter received from consumer safety officer, Harold Davis, U. S. Food and Drug Administration).
Ref.-5 Environmental Protection Agency’s Poison Control Center reports no toxicity listing for Colloidal Silver, considering it harmless in any concentration.
Ref.-6 Dr. Robert Beck "The Body Electric", recognized a correlation between low Silver levels and sickness. He said the Silver deficiency was responsible for the improper functioning of the immune system. Dr. Beck’s experiments conclude that Silver works on the full spectrum of pathogens without any side effects or damage to any cells of the body, (being tissue, and not single cells). He also states that it was causing major growth stimulation of injured tissues and that all cancer cells change back to normal cells. Burn patients and even elderly patients noticed more rapid healing.
Ref.-7 Dr. Bjorn Nordstrom, of the Karolinska Institute, Sweden, has used Silver in his cancer cure method, for many years. This brought rapid remission in patients given up on by other doctors.
Ref.-8 "Silver Our Mightiest Germ fighter" - Science Digest, March 1978 - As an antibiotic, Silver kills over 650 disease-causing organisms; resistant strains fail to develop. Silver is the best all around germ fighter we have.
Ref.-9 "Colloidal Preparations of Silver in Pharmacy" - British Medical Journal, Feb. 1923. Pure silver is entirely non-irritant. In test, at very high dilution rates, exceeding two hundred thousand to one, it has been shown repeatedly that the rapidly exerted disinfectant action is of considerable therapeutic value.
Ref.-10 "Medical Silver Home Remedies" - Maurice Worthington, M.D., 1928
Ref.-11 Dr. Otto Warburg (Nobel Prize-1932), said cancer is caused by a lack of oxygen and the fermentation of sugar.
* Keep from freezing, and store in a cool, dark place.
This information on Colloidal silver has been printed strictly for informational and educational purposes only. The information is based on pharmacological and other records both ancient and modern. No claims whatsoever are made as to any specific benefits form the use of Colloidal Silver.
Quintaesencia Monatomic Gold, Colloidal Gold, Colloidal Silver and or any of the other supplements we may provide are not drugs and the information plus the opinions we offer are based upon use of these nobel elements as Dietary Supplements only. We have no doctors on staff and do not offer medical advice concerning ormus, colloidal gold, colloidal silver or any other dietary supplements. Although you may choose to supplement with colloidal gold, colloidal silver, M-State or other mineral and vitamin supplements, we suggest that you consult a licensed physician if you believe you have a life threatening health issue. We also recommend that you do comprehensive research about colloidal gold, colloidal silver and all dietary supplements in general before accepting our opinions or the opinions of anyone else about how to care for your health.The USFDA has not evaluated, nor rendered approval for any statements or research cited herein, nor have they approved any representations or opinions concerning ORMUS, colloidal gold, colloidal silver or any other dietary supplement products on this website. These products are dietary supplements and are not intended to diagnose, cure, prevent or treat any disease. Quintaesencia Monatomic Gold, Colloidal Gold, Colloidal Silver and or any of the other Supplements does not assume the role of representative, fiduciary or surety on behalf of any person(s) or individual(s) unless expressly agreed in writing. Anyone acquiring any of our supplements are believed by us to be responsible adults who have exercised their right to do research and are making an informed decision. All rights are reserved, without prejudice.